Self Actualization and Obstacles in Dreams

Universe is expanding every moment, life is altering every nanosecond, and peoples appear, grow and disappear. The universe, we see is not the same as it was, faces are changing with the highest velocity, every day we hear new discoveries, new innovations and new perceptions. People are busy in their businesses so some desire to be billionaire, some aspire to be scientists and those who left with no option remain with mercy of fortune. It seems we have power to change but we are reluctant to authority of mightier who is beyond our perceptions. Religious scholars perceive that everything that happens is from God and atheists believe on contrary of it.

Every natural thing and manufactured machine has goals behind it, nothing exists in vain even nothing does occupy space and has purpose in it so how come the creature of God goes vain, empty and purposeless even human is the best among all entities and creatures.

This fact was very extensively understood by charismatic leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, and others, though having obstacles and challenges such as threat of life, imprisonment, and starvation, these transformational leaders pursued their dreams of high vitality.

1.     Obstacles in goals such as physiological needs, safety, love and esteem

It is manifested in history that Mahatma Gandhi strived for sole purpose of freedom even utilized civil disobedience. Likewise Nelson Mandela, born in 1918, trialed for treason, to achieve dream for prosperity of South Africa while maintaining his attitude even imprisoned but never submitted himself for first three layers of needs, firstly physiological needs, shelter, Food, clothes secondly safety needs, thirdly love or belonging, self respect and healthy positive admiration therefore it is inferred that creative contemplators and people not necessarily require other layers to cross for self actualization but they were capable enough for fulfilling their dreams pursuing from beginning.

2.     Pyramid of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory

Maslow (1943) described needs in following pattern where people generally tend to move from bottom to top. He postulated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs when one need is fulfilled; a person seeks to fulfill the next one, and so on

That is perhaps the challenge and desire of every individual that to move up towards level of self actualization but people are bothered with failures and bottom layers where they tend to experience chronic social issues such as divorce and lower needs of food, job loss, family issues. Very few people in hundreds having such obstacles accomplish fulfilling dream of self actualization for that they sacrifice a lot more so a person may need to have following characteristics for self-actualizing since every individual has a dream.

3.     Characteristics of Self-actualizing Persons

  1. They are brave, realistic and rational so have ability to influence.
  2. They are having vast understanding of human nature, they realize the facts, accept the challenges, they have power to tackle circumstances, they are more friendly and pay no heed to stereotype.
  3. They are starters and emotionally intelligent.
  4. They are always focused and maintain their dignity.
  5. They are spontaneous and no unnecessary inhibitions.
  6. They can be alone but not lonely
  7. They seek justice for all and are honest.
  8. They are very clear about their primary goals and maintain continuous growth.


4.     Heroes, Inspired to Inspire

Vladimir Lenin, posthumous, controversial, born in wealthy middle class family in Russia inspired by the theory of Marxist, being arrested for sedition and exiled to Shushenskoye,  Minusinsky District for three years, after almost 30 years of life, worked against capitalism and propagated socialism across the world. Though his brother was killed, he himself was exiled but he never gave up and continued fulfilling his dream until his end of life in 1924.

Alexander the Great born in Greece (356 AD) and died in Babylon Iraq (BC 323) was a King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. At the age of just twenty years, conquered Persian Empire explored Indian frontier at thirty. He was inspired to fight, inspired to rule and inspired to inspire the great kings of all times. He never gave up until he died due to chronic disease but before that his aim, his self actualization dream was to achieve what never have been achieved by his ancestors in history and coming generations.

Not only in wars, politics, but in science we find many names such as Alferd Nobel, Marie Curie, Thomas Edison, and in journalism Hellen Killer and many more who self actualized their dreams retained their names in books of generations, humanity and God.



The 4 dilemmas for the richest person of Asia, Wang Jianlin

Being a richest person is crazy phenomena every individual willing to have, a dream for self-actualization or then drawing for philanthropy but quest for core lies again unanswered. Moguls and magnates have catalyzed the world towards crazy ideas sometimes trapping people into ditch of charismatic leadership but otherwise being out of anomaly is just flowing with stream of water. Billionaires like pendulum moving between richest to philanthropist eventually who wins race no clue and just ambiguousness but explicitly the game is on.

  1. Wang Jianlin with Aggressiveness

Wang Jianlin, the man with iron fist, with history of serving 16 years of life for military in PLA, a member of communist party of China, graduate of Liaoning University in 1986, pronounced to be the richest men of Asia believes in culture, quoting culture industry has no profit ceilings and no tags and brands. This business giant, who is branded to be self made real estate developer, has accelerated investments in Hollywood by purchasing the productions of “Jurassic World” and “The Dark Knight,” in order to control the world’s gigantic film industry.

 According to Forbes real time ranking 2016, Wang determined as 18th in billionaires’ list of the world, and Bloomberg in 2015 cited him as richest person in Aisa, presumed to be aggressive, and dominating. His horizons of business strategies are widening from real estate to culture and entertainment industry as Wanda, recognized as conglomerate, is world’s largest real estate enterprise and five star hotel owner, embraced the titles of largest Cinema operator and cultural enterprise in China.

He has set vision for Wanda to be the world class multinational organization with 200 billion dollars of assets, pursuing 100 billion dollar revenue and 10 billion dollar profit till 2020 implying his Napoleonic style of leadership as in military he was elevated from border guard to regimental commander with the virtue of Iron discipline which prevails in Wanda as Well.

  1. The Sharp Rise & Interests driving for Investments

Wang with clarity in goals once said, “There is nothing wrong with being No.1 worldwide” has been the display of his aggressive approach with will power which raised him to number 1 surpassing Jack Ma, revolutionist in Ecommerce In China, and Li Ka-Shing the world’s leading port investor, developer, operator and largest retailer in Asia and Europe for health and beauty.

A born of Sichuan Province, after serving 16 years in military, became general manager of Residential Development and joined Wanda in 1992 while elevated as CEO since 1993 managed to be transactional leader believes in human capital, giving place in fourth in his prioritized values. Innovation dominated with top spot, is said to be embedded in DNA of Wanda which is proved into real estate sector in China but cultural arenas still waiting to be glorified and fangled.

Wang, appears to believe in traditional Chinese culture, and enjoys luxury life style resultantly 26 five star hotels operated under his chairmanship of Dalian Wanda Group, He has also interest in Yacht where he has made investment irrespective of his focus and strategies by purchasing 92% stake in Sunseeker International, Dorset-based yacht producing company as reported by wealthx.

Wang who believes in culture expanding horizons towards entertainment industry intends to complete acquisition of cinema groups in London and United States and it is anticipated that Wanda conglomerate would be able to control 15% of global box office revenue and it would be 20% by 2020 or earlier.

  1. Philanthropist, Achievements and Awards

Wang in 2005, 2008, was awarded with “The Most Devoted Donator of Charity” by Ministry of Civil Affairs, 2009 awarded with title of “Model Individual for Supporting handicapped and disabled”, in 2010 he was honored as “Model Individual in Earthquake Relief Work in Yushu” by CPC Central Committee, the State Council, and the CMC and in 2014 & 2015 Topped in the list of Chinese Philanthropists of Forbes China.

Since beginning it is proclaimed by Wanda Group that it has donated to charitable organization and for various causes of approximate amount 3.2 Billion in Yuan and it is mere organization that has received 7 times China charity award. It just not ends here for Wang; a list of awards is such as “Best CEO in Asia” in 2015, “Businessman of the year” by Forbes Asia in 2013, “Business Leader of the decade” by CCTV in 2009 and many more.

  1. New Ventures and Challenges

There is no second perception that real estate has been dern for Wang Jianlin triumph along with other majority giants and billionaires in China where innovation is at progressive stage but this so called big bubble of Real Estate if explodes would indeed drag him towards bottom of the well where he belonged and left behind the real heroes that is why skeptically he has his strategy driving him for new ventures prominently culture industry in various countries but again his exaggeration or aggression is more intensive and penetrating.

From the current scenario, ambitious, and brash Wang seems to be impatient for eclipsing American hegemony in cultural industry while tilting the balance in entertainment industry where American were perceived to be leading but in this case it is China though impact is still to be measured.

Wang is indeed have been flat and overwhelming in real estate but cultural industry is a universe of ideas and perceptions that could be vigorous, religious and striving and to become a global leader isn’t like miracle as winning formula is way ahead and very few have ever reached and smacked the taste of it.

In recent past, $75 million loss from historic Edificio Espana, according to a statement to the Hong Kong stock exchange, Wang, with 2% fall in his wealth reported in USA Chinadaily, along with struggling real estate sector since valuations of real estate are down with tightening credit policy in the country and struggling economy, confronts rising star Jack Ma who has seen 41% rise in his wealth last year, seems to be competing and advancing swiftly in race of champions from China and undoubtedly from Asia raising questions for Wang’s consistency for being at top along with raising doubts whether new ventures of culture and entertainment across the globe would be able to keep him ahead and domineering


The 7 Leadership rules of Jack Ma


When we talk about leadership, we know many of the people having specialized skills and education those revolutionized in various fields, like Marck Zuckerberg, a computer expert and graduate of one of the best universities in world invented Facebook, and  like Bill Gates, launched Microsoft, Like Steve jobs, specialized in computer technology, initiated Apple inc,  but what about a person, Jack Ma, Chinese business magnate, investor, and philanthropist, who was just a English teacher,  was not computer scientist even did not know how to do coding, shattered the foundation of theories  of management and science and became the reason of revolution in e-commerce that was neither familiar nor at progressive stage in China. The man with simplicity left behind all the heroes, in row of success miracles.

 Leadership and Jack Ma

 Jack Ma the founder and executive CEO of the AliBaba has set example of charismatic leadership in the country where internet was elusion while science was far behind and economy was struggling forward but his visionary leadership brought not only the ecommerce revolution but perplexed and surprised the entire world along with developed nations that visionary leadership exists here too.

According to Nwagbara (2011) In contemporary global world, where dynamics such as customization, employees importance, competitiveness, and constantly changing technology have a marginal influence on sustainability and growth so (Ghamrawi & Jammal,  2012) individuals cannot reach target alone therefore leadership in such a environment is pivotal for radical change in society.

Breathless efforts for achievements

Jack Ma, who not only flunked in math as the student, but also failed twice for securing admission in college and struggled enough for admission in his third attempt at Hangzhou Normal University, challenged the world of leaders that leader is someone who is not prone to the biggest hurdles but he is who, who can revive with visionary charismatic qualities and he is person who believes in consecutive struggle and inventing the opportunities when management styles are changing, structural changes are pertinent, resources are scarce, technology is introductory, people are machines and almost all business dynamics are under employed (Decenzo, Robbins, & Verhulst, 2011 p. 20),

Leadership is pondered to be the main source of driving organization onto the peak of glory and success and (Gul et al., 2012) these are the people who rise with vision of transforming a smaller organization into a giant organization and Jack Ma, proved to be the one who created organizations from bottom such as, Taobao MarketplaceTmall, eTao, Alibaba Cloud Computing, Juhuasuan,, and Alipay.

Perplexingly he was one who attempted ten times for securing admission in Harvard University but they could not understand the worth of this giant legend and eventually now he  is set to deliver lectures at there in world best universities such as Harvard University itself other schools include Wharton School at the University of PennsylvaniaMassachusetts Institute of Technology, and Peking University.

Jack Ma, a Man of Virtues

A man who is labeled “trillion Hou”, meaning literally “Trillion Yuan Marquis” in Chinese was just a teacher in the beginning at Hangzhou Teachers Institute and worked informally as tour guide in Hangzhou, China. He became the pioneer in China’s growing information-technology sector proving to be the initiating leader who not only designed structure and roles but inspired the masses of the people (Robbins & Judge, 2013, p. 463)

Sanjay Varma who has remained AliBaba Vice-President narrated that being a leader Ma, has always remained humble, trustworthy, and intelligent and there is neither shift in his dynamic personality nor in his goals and vision. Indeed these are the virtues that a leader must possess in order to keep employees motivated, raise their organizational commitment, and elevate the desire to be at the top for perpetual success (Naresh, Pawan, and Chong, 2014).

Inventing the Opportunities

For pursuing the dreams, Ma found an opportunity for launching the first online directory with title “China Pages” and immediately in next year he established AliBaba in his own Hangzhou flat with optimum resources he could have, including 17 friends and $60,000 of funds at the time when e-commerce was unheard in China proving to be the leader by actions, team working, inspiring and empowering (Pierre and Paul, 2011)

Impervious in obstructions, firm in perceptions and unmatchable in personality attributes, Ma became one of the member of billionaire club in the world and owns $21.9bn in assets, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. His journey from a simple informal tour guide to most successful person from China is not that flat, obstacles less and failure less. His exceptional qualities and behavior such as supportiveness, openness, and relatedness with his inspiring visionary dreams (Robbins and Judge, 2013, p. 463) made him to stand in the row of consideration leadership where he resolved problems as opportunities with new solutions (Ekong et al., 2013).

Expanding the Boundaries

He has not merely brought radical change in ecommerce industry in China but has paved the way for new ventures such as travel booking company, navigation application, music-streaming service and football team, putting AliBaba beyond its core domain and running beside world giant organizations such as Google and GE indicating the qualities of being directive, achieving and participating leader (House, 1971).

Jack Ma who has not only seen failure several times but faced rejection, even was called crazy with outlandish ideas by his father who warned him many times that those ideas could have resulted imprisonment in an earlier generation. Taking his zeal, passion, and enthusiasm, he exchanged ideas with his friends and peers with intellectual stimulation, charisma and idealized influence (Bass, 1999) which converted dreams of China Pages, AliBaba, Taobao into reality.

Empowering Others 

Spectacular, scrawny and just over 5 feet tall, Ma is found to be rejected by KFC when it came to his home town Hangzhou in east China and He said, “When KFC came to China, to my city 24 people went for the job 23 people were accepted I was the only guy who was not” while he decoded his secret and believes in most powerful quality of transformational leadership that if you want to triumph, then empower others and it is you who have to make sure that these people are better than you and in aftermath your success will be certain. Daft (2014) quoted saying the code of success is inspiring the followers and believing in their strength and potential.

Further Kim, Zhang and Zhang, (2016) narrated Jack Ma as driving force, when his organization TMall which is an online retail site and functioning under the aegis of AliBaba group confronted accusation of false advertising on China’s most famous social website Weibo where more than 1500 negative comments posted then this par-crisis anomaly was not only resolved swiftly but it was turned into opportunity for enhancing public relation through self mocking strategy, (Daft, 2014) as a change in response and style of leadership where conventional approaches fail for dealing such crisis.

Ma through his personality has inspired millions of people in China with his readiness to mock himself, speaking his mind, charismatic, energetic and humble behavior, he believes that women are crucial part of society and indeed they have played pivotal role in his success as their commitment and care for customer cannot be overlooked, (Kuppers, 2007) and indeed organizational success and survival both depend on leader and employees so employees must be empowered, encouraged and educated.

Bonding with Culture and Philanthropy

Ma, who is famous for being in love with Kung fu novels, travels with tai chi trainer is also prominent for his philanthropic vision and in this stance he won support from world tycoons such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffett.

Ma also served as a chair of the US Nature Conservancy’s China board of directors and said that if he cannot be a doctor but he can have his own approach to save lives while his focus would be on medical, environmental, educational and cultural programs by the virtue of his maverick leadership style having empathy, counseling, and development (Appelbaum et al, 2011).


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Dreams and Realities about people of Pakistan

Every body who comes into this world accompanies dreams if he does not then perhaps he is considered to be living in darkness. We may say him man in vain, or a man with no vision or perception. Indeed there are millions of people living in the world without purpose, without any direction or motivation or they dwell for the reason of only living or as they are alive so they are living and having fundamental necessities from where ever they find convenient.

A man who is by vocation may be a labor perhaps striving this much hard for the sack of food, providing nutrition to his children and might be loving his wife along with taking care of parents. A carpenter might be doing job in order to cater the needs of family and likewise every member of society sustaining this life for certain significant reasons. Lady Diana rightly said that one of the most pivotal part of living life is for family so certainly nurturing, growing securing, protecting and aging with family is perhaps part of every body’s life.

One of scholars Shireen Naqvi said that life has certain goals that need to be accomplished and if you are striving without direction then surely you are not on the right path and like a donkey that always works hard, you are doing so and if you have seen day dreams but no action or having just vain plans then certainly you can be pondered sheikh Chilly who just has dreams but no actions.

Every single human being who is educated and literate may have certain dreams and having considered realities pursues these dreams but situation in Aisa and particularly in Pakistan is little controversial. People from the lower class are unable to survive even 40% of population living in poverty do not have dreams even those who have dreams for higher status, and self actualization are striving for fundamental necessities such as clean water, food, and shelter and education is for behind which is to be provided to the people.

Those who hardly gain education are either not properly guided and counseled therefore seeking jobs again it becomes headache as mismatch of their personalities with their jobs and vocation leading towards big stagnancy. Engineers are working in schools, doing part time in social sector, those extrovert persons are busy in service industry so no appropriate procedure or systematic approach is adopted in order to uplift the big portion of lower class of people and just a few random people get out of this jungle of issues.

Education that is considered to be more powerful than any Atomic bomb


Transformational Leadership and Employees turnover


The Impact of transformational leadership on employees’ turnover

 Continuous storms of changes, competition, globalization and technology have shaken the old grounds and foundations of long lasting successful organizations those who claimed eternal monopoly were smashed and those who roared with might of capital were toppled by smaller innovative organizations.

These smaller innovative technology based organizations with thriving visions are now having sky crappers and highest revenue with market share across the world. No doubt there are many dynamics for success but if we quote Apple, Face book, Microsoft or Google these were the organizations having nothing large in hands but vision in mind explored, innovated and blasted in global business. Yes we must give credit to their leaders and their leadership style for making unbelievable to happen.

Leaders are the influencing people who make or destroy an organization where as leadership according to (stephen and coulter, 2013, pp460) is what leaders do so these are the leaders who bring vision, culture and diversity. They are the driving people who can fly into high skies of success and they are the team builders and motivators who inspire the people working in organization for achievement.

Employees’ turnover is the chronic pain that always consumes and perishes the assets and income of the organization, particularly HR department considers recruiting the major function from all departments that is the aftermath of turnover. (stephen and coulter, 2013, pp470) mentioned that it is transformational leadership that is highly correlated with low employees’ turnover, higher performance, and corporate entrepreneurship