The 7 Leadership rules of Jack Ma

 Abstract

When we talk about leadership, we know many of the people having specialized skills and education those revolutionized in various fields, like Marck Zuckerberg, a computer expert and graduate of one of the best universities in world invented Facebook, and  like Bill Gates, launched Microsoft, Like Steve jobs, specialized in computer technology, initiated Apple inc,  but what about a person, Jack Ma, Chinese business magnate, investor, and philanthropist, who was just a English teacher,  was not computer scientist even did not know how to do coding, shattered the foundation of theories  of management and science and became the reason of revolution in e-commerce that was neither familiar nor at progressive stage in China. The man with simplicity left behind all the heroes, in row of success miracles.

 Leadership and Jack Ma

 Jack Ma the founder and executive CEO of the AliBaba has set example of charismatic leadership in the country where internet was elusion while science was far behind and economy was struggling forward but his visionary leadership brought not only the ecommerce revolution but perplexed and surprised the entire world along with developed nations that visionary leadership exists here too.

According to Nwagbara (2011) In contemporary global world, where dynamics such as customization, employees importance, competitiveness, and constantly changing technology have a marginal influence on sustainability and growth so (Ghamrawi & Jammal,  2012) individuals cannot reach target alone therefore leadership in such a environment is pivotal for radical change in society.

Breathless efforts for achievements

Jack Ma, who not only flunked in math as the student, but also failed twice for securing admission in college and struggled enough for admission in his third attempt at Hangzhou Normal University, challenged the world of leaders that leader is someone who is not prone to the biggest hurdles but he is who, who can revive with visionary charismatic qualities and he is person who believes in consecutive struggle and inventing the opportunities when management styles are changing, structural changes are pertinent, resources are scarce, technology is introductory, people are machines and almost all business dynamics are under employed (Decenzo, Robbins, & Verhulst, 2011 p. 20),

Leadership is pondered to be the main source of driving organization onto the peak of glory and success and (Gul et al., 2012) these are the people who rise with vision of transforming a smaller organization into a giant organization and Jack Ma, proved to be the one who created organizations from bottom such as Alibaba.com, Taobao MarketplaceTmall, eTao, Alibaba Cloud Computing, Juhuasuan, 1688.com, AliExpress.com and Alipay.

Perplexingly he was one who attempted ten times for securing admission in Harvard University but they could not understand the worth of this giant legend and eventually now he  is set to deliver lectures at there in world best universities such as Harvard University itself other schools include Wharton School at the University of PennsylvaniaMassachusetts Institute of Technology, and Peking University.

Jack Ma, a Man of Virtues

A man who is labeled “trillion Hou”, meaning literally “Trillion Yuan Marquis” in Chinese was just a teacher in the beginning at Hangzhou Teachers Institute and worked informally as tour guide in Hangzhou, China. He became the pioneer in China’s growing information-technology sector proving to be the initiating leader who not only designed structure and roles but inspired the masses of the people (Robbins & Judge, 2013, p. 463)

Sanjay Varma who has remained AliBaba Vice-President narrated that being a leader Ma, has always remained humble, trustworthy, and intelligent and there is neither shift in his dynamic personality nor in his goals and vision. Indeed these are the virtues that a leader must possess in order to keep employees motivated, raise their organizational commitment, and elevate the desire to be at the top for perpetual success (Naresh, Pawan, and Chong, 2014).

Inventing the Opportunities

For pursuing the dreams, Ma found an opportunity for launching the first online directory with title “China Pages” and immediately in next year he established AliBaba in his own Hangzhou flat with optimum resources he could have, including 17 friends and $60,000 of funds at the time when e-commerce was unheard in China proving to be the leader by actions, team working, inspiring and empowering (Pierre and Paul, 2011)

Impervious in obstructions, firm in perceptions and unmatchable in personality attributes, Ma became one of the member of billionaire club in the world and owns $21.9bn in assets, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. His journey from a simple informal tour guide to most successful person from China is not that flat, obstacles less and failure less. His exceptional qualities and behavior such as supportiveness, openness, and relatedness with his inspiring visionary dreams (Robbins and Judge, 2013, p. 463) made him to stand in the row of consideration leadership where he resolved problems as opportunities with new solutions (Ekong et al., 2013).

Expanding the Boundaries

He has not merely brought radical change in ecommerce industry in China but has paved the way for new ventures such as travel booking company, navigation application, music-streaming service and football team, putting AliBaba beyond its core domain and running beside world giant organizations such as Google and GE indicating the qualities of being directive, achieving and participating leader (House, 1971).

Jack Ma who has not only seen failure several times but faced rejection, even was called crazy with outlandish ideas by his father who warned him many times that those ideas could have resulted imprisonment in an earlier generation. Taking his zeal, passion, and enthusiasm, he exchanged ideas with his friends and peers with intellectual stimulation, charisma and idealized influence (Bass, 1999) which converted dreams of China Pages, AliBaba, Taobao into reality.

Empowering Others 

Spectacular, scrawny and just over 5 feet tall, Ma is found to be rejected by KFC when it came to his home town Hangzhou in east China and He said, “When KFC came to China, to my city 24 people went for the job 23 people were accepted I was the only guy who was not” while he decoded his secret and believes in most powerful quality of transformational leadership that if you want to triumph, then empower others and it is you who have to make sure that these people are better than you and in aftermath your success will be certain. Daft (2014) quoted saying the code of success is inspiring the followers and believing in their strength and potential.

Further Kim, Zhang and Zhang, (2016) narrated Jack Ma as driving force, when his organization TMall which is an online retail site and functioning under the aegis of AliBaba group confronted accusation of false advertising on China’s most famous social website Weibo where more than 1500 negative comments posted then this par-crisis anomaly was not only resolved swiftly but it was turned into opportunity for enhancing public relation through self mocking strategy, (Daft, 2014) as a change in response and style of leadership where conventional approaches fail for dealing such crisis.

Ma through his personality has inspired millions of people in China with his readiness to mock himself, speaking his mind, charismatic, energetic and humble behavior, he believes that women are crucial part of society and indeed they have played pivotal role in his success as their commitment and care for customer cannot be overlooked, (Kuppers, 2007) and indeed organizational success and survival both depend on leader and employees so employees must be empowered, encouraged and educated.

Bonding with Culture and Philanthropy

Ma, who is famous for being in love with Kung fu novels, travels with tai chi trainer is also prominent for his philanthropic vision and in this stance he won support from world tycoons such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffett.

Ma also served as a chair of the US Nature Conservancy’s China board of directors and said that if he cannot be a doctor but he can have his own approach to save lives while his focus would be on medical, environmental, educational and cultural programs by the virtue of his maverick leadership style having empathy, counseling, and development (Appelbaum et al, 2011).

References

Appelbaum, S. H., et al. (2011). “The impact of organizational change, structure and leadership on employee turnover: A case study.” Journal of Business Case Studies (JBCS) 4(1): 21-38.

Bass. (1999). Bass and Stogdill’s handbook of Leadership. New York: Free.

DeCenzo, Robbins, & Verhulst. (2011). The Fundamentals of Human Resource Management . John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Daft, R. (2014). The Leadership Experience . China: C&C Offset Printing co ltd.

Ekong, Olusegun, & Mukaila. (2013). Managerial Style and Staff Turnover in Nigerian Banks: A Comparative Analysis. American International Journal of Social Science , 79-93.

Ghamrawi, N. and K. Jammal (2012). “Teacher turnover: Impact of school leadership and other factors.” International Journal of Educational Research and Technology 4(1): 68-78.

Gul, S., et al. (2012). Leadership styles, turnover intentions and the mediating role of organizational commitment. Information and Knowledge Management.

House, R. J. (1971). A Path Goal Theory of Leadership Effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly , 321-339.

Kuppers. (2007). Perspective of Integrating Leadership and Fellowship. International Journal of Leadership Studies , 2 (3), 797-837.

Long, & Thean. (2011). Relationship between leadership style, Job Satisfaction and Employees’ Turnover Intention. Management and Management Techniques , 88.

Naresh, K., Pawan, B., & Chong, T. (2014). Employee Turnover: Bad Attitude or Poor Management . Journal of Social Scinces , 44-82.

Nwagbara, U. (2011). “Rethinking labour turnover: Prospecting for shared Leadership.” Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti Bulletin 63(4): 1-10.

Pierre, & Paul. (2011). Effective Leadership in International Organizations . West Publishing, , 24-35.

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Robbins, & Coulter. (2012). Management . New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc

Robbins, & Judge. (2013). Organizational Behaviour. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

Sora, K., Zhang, X. A., & Zhang, B. W. (2016). Self-mocking crisis strategy on social media: Focusing on Alibaba chairman Jack Ma in China. Elseveir , 42, 903-912.

 

 

 

Dreams and Realities about people of Pakistan

Every body who comes into this world accompanies dreams if he does not then perhaps he is considered to be living in darkness. We may say him man in vain, or a man with no vision or perception. Indeed there are millions of people living in the world without purpose, without any direction or motivation or they dwell for the reason of only living or as they are alive so they are living and having fundamental necessities from where ever they find convenient.

A man who is by vocation may be a labor perhaps striving this much hard for the sack of food, providing nutrition to his children and might be loving his wife along with taking care of parents. A carpenter might be doing job in order to cater the needs of family and likewise every member of society sustaining this life for certain significant reasons. Lady Diana rightly said that one of the most pivotal part of living life is for family so certainly nurturing, growing securing, protecting and aging with family is perhaps part of every body’s life.

One of scholars Shireen Naqvi said that life has certain goals that need to be accomplished and if you are striving without direction then surely you are not on the right path and like a donkey that always works hard, you are doing so and if you have seen day dreams but no action or having just vain plans then certainly you can be pondered sheikh Chilly who just has dreams but no actions.

Every single human being who is educated and literate may have certain dreams and having considered realities pursues these dreams but situation in Aisa and particularly in Pakistan is little controversial. People from the lower class are unable to survive even 40% of population living in poverty do not have dreams even those who have dreams for higher status, and self actualization are striving for fundamental necessities such as clean water, food, and shelter and education is for behind which is to be provided to the people.

Those who hardly gain education are either not properly guided and counseled therefore seeking jobs again it becomes headache as mismatch of their personalities with their jobs and vocation leading towards big stagnancy. Engineers are working in schools, doing part time in social sector, those extrovert persons are busy in service industry so no appropriate procedure or systematic approach is adopted in order to uplift the big portion of lower class of people and just a few random people get out of this jungle of issues.

Education that is considered to be more powerful than any Atomic bomb

self-actualization-quotes-1

Transformational Leadership and Employees turnover

 

The Impact of transformational leadership on employees’ turnover

 Continuous storms of changes, competition, globalization and technology have shaken the old grounds and foundations of long lasting successful organizations those who claimed eternal monopoly were smashed and those who roared with might of capital were toppled by smaller innovative organizations.

These smaller innovative technology based organizations with thriving visions are now having sky crappers and highest revenue with market share across the world. No doubt there are many dynamics for success but if we quote Apple, Face book, Microsoft or Google these were the organizations having nothing large in hands but vision in mind explored, innovated and blasted in global business. Yes we must give credit to their leaders and their leadership style for making unbelievable to happen.

Leaders are the influencing people who make or destroy an organization where as leadership according to (stephen and coulter, 2013, pp460) is what leaders do so these are the leaders who bring vision, culture and diversity. They are the driving people who can fly into high skies of success and they are the team builders and motivators who inspire the people working in organization for achievement.

Employees’ turnover is the chronic pain that always consumes and perishes the assets and income of the organization, particularly HR department considers recruiting the major function from all departments that is the aftermath of turnover. (stephen and coulter, 2013, pp470) mentioned that it is transformational leadership that is highly correlated with low employees’ turnover, higher performance, and corporate entrepreneurship

 

Human Brand and Branding

Branding is one of the significant term studied and learnt in various colleges and schools across the globe. Branding is barely a marketing term that indicates about some thing very colorful in crowd, For an example if we see all blacks and whites then a red color would be different among those. a second example if see donkeys crossing roads and among them a horse is there in mid or corner then we can say, that is horse, a different animal with power and appealing look. for more vividness if we set a rule in class that monitor of the class would be putting on blue dress and rest candidates would be putting on white so that monitor of class would be considered a brand in that mob of students.

With human branding a person can also become a strong brand personality. likewise a marketing strategy that is cost effective which states that products should be cheap and easy approachable to all in market so that product might not be having specific high qualities but at-least fulfilling fundamental necessities .

With marketing strategy such as differentiated, products are sold and marketed on basis of their specific and recognizable qualities  that other goods and commodities might not be having in them and it is virtue or quality that particular product has and makes difference in thousand goods. This kind of brand is highly expensive and very charming to all.

With niche strategy, we are focused on particular strategy which is merely paying attention an specific group of people and this strategy helps in serving small number of people rather than attacking whole masses. such as serving very high class or a particular sect with different hobbies and beliefs.

A mix strategy such as cost effective-differentiated strategy is also in the market which implies that a product should be designed to have afford able cost and high qualities as well and examples include such as Nokia cell phone that are affordable and having high quality.

Like wise humans and youngsters have to think in the same way that what brand they are and which class they are going to serve. A man on shop, Cobbler, mason, a small trader, or a cashier and etc can be cost effective products, easily available in market, very cheap, no high qualities.

A man such as high quality software engineer, CEO of company, A PhD, or etc can be considered differentiated product who possesses high level of skills, has clear vision, objectives, action oriented and practical so would be qualified as differentiated BRAND. Do you think that you fall in this category??

You might be a person serving special sect and group of people such as it happens in niche strategy or it would be great to be cost effective differentiated product but the only drawback in that is having low cost.

Why don’t we strive to be differentiated brand so that people pay high for us and we stand colorful in crowds. b